Surveying involves the practice of measuring and determining fixed points or boundaries in order to prepare maps, plans and reports for a variety of purposes. Performing this task often uses scientific data and equipment specific to surveying. Surveyor services include the work of land surveyors and marine surveyors, as outlined here.
Land surveyors study and gather information about contours and dimensions on land, which is used to determine property lines and create land surveys. This work is crucial to land development. For homeowners it’s especially helpful to know boundaries with neighbors, such as when erecting a fence. Land surveyors can also tell you where utility and other public easements are located. Land surveyors work with architects, builders and civil engineers. They may be employed by government or private entities. Land surveyors may work in the field gathering information or in the office, where they analyze gathered data and create maps and other supporting documents.
In addition to noting property boundaries, land surveyors record elevation changes and notable physical features that could affect development and construction, as well as demolition of buildings.
As the name suggests, marine surveyors are responsible for surveying and inspecting marine watercraft. Such professionals evaluate boats, ships and other water vessels to ensure that they meet requirements of their local government and international regulations. For older vessels, most banks and insurance companies will require certification before issuing a loan or insurance. Marine experts may be called on as expert witnesses after there is an accident.
Marine surveyors do a thorough inspection of watercraft, including reporting on the condition of boats and ships. They will examine the structure itself and test for corrosion and moisture. they also test and as well as the machinery on which the vessel relies, such as radio, navigational and safety equipment, which are all critical when a boat is out on the water.
Marine surveyors are highly regarded in the shipbuilding industry because their OK is required in order for vessels to be deemed seaworthy and receive appropriate certifications. When an accident or wreck occurs, marine surveyors may also be called upon by insurance companies for their expert assistance and insight.
Understanding the types of surveyor services and the benefits helps you know what you’ll need when hiring such professionals.