Garage Door Maintenance Checklist

Garage Door Maintenance Checklist

Lubricate moving parts to keep your garage door operating smoothly

By Robert Ferguson

Garage door maintenance:  Brick house with garage
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Maintain the smooth and quiet operation of your garage door by performing simple maintenance procedures twice a year that take just a couple of hours. In addition to providing efficient operation, the maintenance procedures will help to avoid costly repairs in the future that can range in the hundreds of dollars.


To perform the required maintenance on your garage door, have available spray-on solvent, a lubricant such as white lithium grease for the moving parts, and rags and a brush for cleaning. Other useful items are standard machine oil and a wire brush.

Garage Door Rollers and Pins

The garage doors rollers attach to the door and insert into the track. Any damaged, bent or broken rollers require replacement. Homeowners can order the rollers from the manufacturer and install them themselves. The rollers can be cleaned by applying a solvent and wiping with a clean rag to remove dirt, debris and old grease. Brushing the rollers and tracks removes leftover debris. White lithium spray grease lubricates the pins, rollers and tracks of the garage door.

Garage Door Hinges

Garage doors consist of a series of panels that connect using hinges, which clean easily with a solvent to remove any debris and old grease. In instances where rust has built up, a wire brush applied to the hinges will remove it. Lubrication of the hinges with the white lithium grease or standard machine oil completes the process. Replacement of damaged door panels is possible but should be done by a professional service technician.

Garage Door Opener Assembly

The garage door opener assembly is the mechanism that raises and lowers the garage door. The track will collect dirt and debris over time. Clean the track with solvent and a rag and lubricate with white lithium grease. There are different types of openers that require lubrication while others do not. Check the owner's manual to determine the type you have.

Reversing Mechanism Test

Garage doors are equipped with a safety measure that reverses the door in the event it is obstructed by an object. Test the reversing mechanism by laying a piece of wood or similar object in the garage door's path. Upon closing, the door should reach the object and automatically reverse itself. If the door fails to reverse, hire a professional service technician to address the problem.

Photo Eye or Sensor Test

The garage door should automatically reverse itself during operation if an object is waved in front of the photo sensors. If the garage door fails to reverse, try cleaning the sensors lenses with a clean rag or hire a garage door contractor to realign the sensors.

About the Author

Robert Ferguson is a licensed building contractor with more than 30 years of experience, focusing primarily on residential remodeling, repair, renovation and construction.

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