Salt Lake City, sometimes called Salt Lake or SLC, is the state capital of Utah. The city was settled in 1847, when Mormon prophet Brigham Young led a group of Mormon pioneers to the area after fleeing the Midwest. Salt Lake City remains the headquarters for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, more commonly known as LDS or the Mormon Church.
Home to the 2002 Winter Olympic Games and recognized as the industrial banking center of the nation, Salt Lake City is the largest city in Utah. The population of Salt Lake City is approximately 180,000. The entire metropolitan area includes Salt Lake City, Summit and Tooele counties, and has a total population of more than one million people.
ECONOMY AND INDUSTRIES
Salt Lake City's economy is mostly service oriented. The major industries are professional and business services, government, utilities and transportation and trade. Interstate 15 is a major corridor for freight traffic, and thus Salt Lake City is home to many regional distribution centers. Salt Lake City and its economy continues to grow largely because of the strong diversity among the types of companies that make up the city's economic base.
Government offices, regional and national, are among the largest employers in Salt Lake City. The city has several other major employers:
- Delta Air Lines
- Salt Lake City International Airport
- University of Utah
- Sinclair Oil Corporation
- Sinclair Oil
- Zions Bancorporation
NEIGHBORHOODS AND DISTRICTS
- Marmalade District: Once notorious as one of the city's seamier neighborhoods, this district has recently been discovered and gentrified by young singles and couples.
- Sugar House: Known as one of the most diverse, progressive areas of the city.
- The Avenues: Regarded by many to be one of the most coveted places to live in Salt Lake, with breathtaking views and luxurious homes.
- Historic Main Street: Filled with shops and restaurants, Main Street is home to specialty boutiques, locally owned shops and national retailers. Salt Lake City has 10 shopping malls and countless open-air shopping venues.
Salt Lake City places a strong emphasis on continuing education and has several colleges in the city limits:
- University of Utah
- Westminster College of Salt Lake City
- LDS Business College Institute
- Stevens-Henager College
- Eagle Gate College
- Salt Lake Community College
- Columbia College of Missouri-Salt Lake City Campus
With a rich history and a diverse population, Salt Lake City offers a variety of cultural institutions. There are multiple museums, including LDS Church History Museum, which spans nearly two centuries of LDS history and includes clothing, tools, furnishings, documents and rare artifacts. The University of Utah is home to a fine arts museum, a museum of natural history and two dance theatres, while the Gateway area has the Utah Children's Museum.
Of course, Salt Lake City is also home to the famed Mormon Tabernacle Choir, which was founded in 1847. The choir conducts a weekly program called Music and the Spoken Word, the longest-running, continuous, network broadcast in the world.
- Pioneer Day: Held every July 24th, this festival commemorates the anniversary of the Mormons' arrival in Salt Lake City. The day is celebrated with a children's parade, horse parade, rodeo and fireworks. The festival also includes the Days of '47 Parade, one of the largest parades in the United States.
- Utah Pride Festival: This June festival includes the Gay Pride Parade, the second-largest parade in the state of Utah. The festival is intended to provide support for the large gay population in Salt Lake City.
- Greek Festival: This festival is a celebration of the strong Greek heritage in the area. Held the weekend following Labor Day, the festival centers on the Greek Orthodox Church. The event is three days long and features music, dance, cathedral tours and authentic Greek cuisine.
- Utah Arts Festival: This lively festival serves as a popular performance venue for artists and musicians in the area.
- Sundance Film Festival: Held in January, this festival is a big draw for national and international independent filmmakers. The festival regularly draws celebrities from around the world.
ARTS AND ENTERTAINMENT
- Utah Jazz, professional National Basketball Association team
- Real Salt Lake, professional soccer team
- Salt Lake Bees, Triple-A minor-league baseball team affiliated with the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim
- Utah Grizzlies, minor league hockey team
- Salt Lake City Saints, professional American Basketball Association team
- The Salt Lake Tribune and Deseret News are the city's daily newspapers. Salt Lake magazine is a bimonthly publication, offering Utah residents information on local issues, dining, entertainment and more.
DID YOU KNOW?
- Salt Lake City, the state capital, was settled in 1847, when Mormon prophet Brigham Young led a group of Mormon pioneers to the area after fleeing religious persecution in the Midwest.
- Salt Lake City was the host city for the 2002 Winter Olympic Games. Surplus monies were used to create the Utah Athletic Foundation.
- The LDS Church History Museum spans nearly two centuries of LDS history and includes clothing, tools, furnishings, documents and rare artifacts.
- The University of Utah is home to a fine arts museum, a museum of natural history and two dance theaters.
- Salt Lake City is home to the famed Mormon Tabernacle Choir, which was founded in 1847.
- The Mormon Tabernacle Choir conducts a weekly program called Music and the Spoken Word, the longest-running continuous network broadcast in the world.
- Pioneer Day is held every July 24th. The festival commemorates the anniversary of the Mormons' arrival in Salt Lake City. The festival also includes the Days of '47 Parade.
- The Sundance Film Festival, held every January in Park City, is a big draw for national and international independent filmmakers.
- Salt Lake City is at the heart of a larger metropolitan corridor called the Wasatch Front.
- The Wasatch Front is roughly 80 miles long with Ogden about 40 miles north of the Salt Lake Valley and Provo about 40 miles south.
- Although Salt Lake City is the home of the Mormon Church, more than 40% of Utah's population calls another religion the one they choose to practice.
- The entire Salt Lake Valley was once part of the basin of ancient Lake Bonneville. Today, the Jordan River passes through the city.
- Salt Lake City is noted for its broad streets and spacious blocks, a legacy of the Mormon settlers who laid out the city. It's a grid system using the four streets bordering Temple Square.
- The Mormon Temple took 40 years to build, from 1853 to 1893.
- Utah was once occupied by nomadic tribes, including the Anasazi Indians, who were the ancestors of the modern Pueblo people. The Anasazi lived in cliff dwellings.
- In 1869, the railroad linking the East and West coasts was completed. This momentous event was celebrated by the famous driving of the "Golden Spike" at Promontory Summit, some 80 miles northwest of Salt Lake City. This opened up the city to mining.
- Salt Lake's official bird is the seagull. This was due to an event in 1848 when crickets that nearly destroyed the settlers' harvest was consumed by a flock of seagulls.