Salina is located in central Kansas, where it is the county seat of Saline County. The city was originally settled in 1856 as a trading post because of its prime location along the Saline River. Salina's first settlers made a living by hunting and trading with Native Americans and pioneers who were heading west along the Smoky Hill Trail. The pioneer spirit still exists among Salina's residents. The community celebrates its heritage while continuing to move forward economically. The population of Salina is approximately 46,000.
The residents of Salina enjoy a climate that gives them cool winters, warm springs and hot dry summers. In the winter, the average snowfall is about 19 inches, while rainfall averages about 32 inches each year.
The city of Salina covers 22.8 square miles. There are approximately 20,000 homes and apartments in Salina, and nearly 62 percent of them were built between 1940 and 1960.
The city is proud of its historic downtown district, which features more than 300 businesses and beautiful streetscapes that include plazas with fountains, walking alleys, shelters and benches and well-lit parking lots.
Some of the more popular neighborhoods in Salina are Crawford Street, Broadway Boulevard, Centennial Road, and Magnolia Road. Other prominent neighborhoods include:
In 1867, railroads came to Salina, causing a population boom and bringing new business opportunities. Wheat had become a dominant crop by this time, and soon a steam-powered flour mill was built. By that time alfalfa had been introduced to local farmers to grow as feed for dairy cattle. By 1900 Salina was the third-largest producer of alfalfa in Kansas and the sixth-largest in the nation.
Today agriculture remains Salina's main industry and its many grain elevators dominate the landscape. Food manufacturing is also a major business in the city, and the Schwan Food Co. is Salina's biggest employer. Metal fabrication and machinery manufacturing also make up a large part of the local economy.
Visitors to Salina have their choice of science- and nature-related attractions:
Salina is home to several colleges and universities.
Founded in 1871, the Salina Journal is the city's weekly newspaper.
Local FM radio stations include:
AM radio stations in Salina include:
Local television stations in Salina include:
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