Located halfway between Baltimore and Philadelphia -- both about 50 miles away -- Newark is one of the oldest cities in the nation and one of the Delaware's most densely populated. Home to nearly 30,000 residents, the city is compact and pedestrian-friendly, with a rich history dating back to the 1600s. Though once a manufacturing center, the city is now a university town, home to the University of Delaware, which has a 4,000-member faculty and an 18,000-plus student body. Much of the city's economy revolves around the university.
Chartered in 1758, the city of Newark was originally surrounded by farmland and remained a small town until the 1950s, when the city experienced two decades of rapid growth. During this time a number of the city's better-known neighborhoods, including Nottingham Green and Devon were developed.
Owners occupy about half of Newark's houses.
Some of the leading industries in the city are educational, health and social service, retail trade, arts, recreation, and accommodation and food services. Major employers in the Newark are University Of Delaware and W. L. Gore and Associates Inc., best known as the makers of GORE-TEX fabrics.
While Newark does not have any major or minor league athletic franchises, residents can enjoy the 23 varsity sports teams of the University of Delaware, known as the Fightin' Blue Hens. Neighboring Wilmington is home to a minor league baseball team, the Wilmington Blue Rocks, and nearby Philadelphia and Baltimore have more than 10 major league sports franchises, including the Baltimore Ravens, Philadelphia Phillies, and Philadelphia Eagles.
Established in 1743, the University of Delaware makes its home in Newark and is the state's largest university, enrolling nearly 20,000 students annually. The main campus covers 20,039 acres in suburban Newark, and extension campuses are located in neighboring Dover, Wilmington, Georgetown, and Lewes. Top-ranked nationally, the university offers undergraduate, graduate, and professional degrees in over 100 disciplines and areas of study. Other institutions of higher learning within 30 miles include Delaware Technical & Community College of Stanton-Wilmington, West Chester University of Pennsylvania, Wilmington College, Immaculata College, Widener University, and Delaware County Community College.
The city is served by the local weekly newspaper Newark Post, which was founded in 1910, and by the quarterly magazine Newark Life, which features local community news and features. The city receives television and radio stations from the Philadelphia metropolitan market and other surrounding cities.
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