Located in central Texas, Killeen lies midway between Austin and Waco, about 75 miles from each. The 29th-largest community in Texas, Killeen has a population of more than 112,000 and is one of the fastest-growing cities in the country.
Killeen is very close to the U.S. Army post of Fort Hood, which is home to approximately 65,000 soldiers and their families. Killeen's proximity to Fort Hood has helped make this city ethnically diverse, with a broad mix of Latino, Asian, African, Korean, and Caucasian Americans residing in the area.
The city was named in 1881 for Frank P. Killeen, the assistant general manager of the Gulf, Colorado, and Santa Fe Railway. The railway's tracks ran through Central Texas, including the original 70-block town of Killeen.
Downtown Killeen is developing a revitalization and historic preservation plan to strengthen the city's commercial and cultural core. The downtown historic district encompasses a high number of historic properties from the early railroad era and mid-century growth.
Killeen offers some of the most affordable housing in the country, with 16 distinct neighborhoods. Some of these are:
Fort Hood is the area's primary employer, providing jobs for 22 percent of the city's labor force.
Civilian industries play a significant role in the Killeen economy, as do education, health care, and social services, which employ 24 percent of the population. Retail accounts for 15 percent of Killeen jobs, and public administration makes up for another 11 percent. Approximately 11 percent of families live below the poverty line.
Metroplex Hospital is the only hospital operating in Killeen, though military families can take advantage of the medical services at Fort Hood. Many Killeen residents seek medical care at two well-respected medical facilities in Temple, Texas, which is 25 miles east of Killeen: Scott and White Memorial Hospital and King's Daughters Hospital. Killeen residents also seek medical treatment at the notable Coreyell Medical Healthcare System in Gatesville, Texas, which is about 39 miles south of Killeen.
Institutions of higher learning in Killeen:
Other institutions of higher learning near Killeen:
Killeen's newspaper is the Killeen Daily Herald; the same publisher prints the unauthorized Fort Hood Herald. Fort Hood's officially authorized newspaper is the Fort Hood Sentinel.
Radio stations operating in Killeen include:
TV stations broadcasting from Killeen include: